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While not as celebrated as your pearly whites, your gums are a vital part of your oral health because they surround and support your teeth. Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is one of the biggest factors in tooth loss for adults. This is scary because gum disease itself can be painless, so unless you are maintaining routine dental visits, you may not even be aware that you have it.

What causes gum disease? The main culprit behind gum disease is plaque–a sticky, bacterial film that forms every day on your teeth. The good news is that you can remove it through diligent daily brushing and flossing to keep it from hardening into tartar. Once plaque hardens, you will need to have it professionally removed by Dr. John Moreno and our team.

To treat gum disease, you will need to see Dr. John Moreno as soon as possible. Early treatment can stop it in its tracks and even reverse it. In the early stage, gum disease is known as gingivitis, and signs to look out for include red, swollen and bleeding gums. Treatment at this stage includes stepping up your oral hygiene routine; brushing at least twice each day and flossing at least once, followed by a professional dental cleaning.

Advanced gum disease, or periodontitis, leads to the loss of gum tissue and bone which support the teeth. Eventually, the teeth will begin to shift in the mouth. If periodontitis is not treated you may lose teeth. Not only can you lose teeth, your bite can change so that your teeth do not fit together when you bite and chew, and even change the way partial dentures fit. At this stage, depending on the severity of the condition, Dr. John Moreno may recommend additional professional dental cleanings, improved at-home oral hygiene, antibiotic treatment, scaling and root planing (deep cleanings), or gum surgery.

For more information, or to schedule your next visit, please call 949-487-9220 today. At E. John Moreno DMD Inc. in Irvine, California, Dr. John Moreno and our team are happy to help you achieve your healthiest smile!